Cricket is a game in which literature including statistics plays a big role. There are many cricket writers, journalists and biographers, who contributed to the growth of cricket-literature and many statisticians with their statistics made the game look very rich. Wisden Cricket book is the ultimate choice of cricket literary lovers.There are various levels in which Cricket Statistics are available in cricket,
1. Test matches.
2. One-day internationals.
3. First class matches, including test matches.
4. List-A one-day matches
Batting statistics of a batsman include
1. Total number matches played.
2. The number of innings batted.
3. The number of not out innings, which does not include innings in which the batsman did not bat.
3. Runs: Total number of runs scored.
4. High Score: The highest score achieved in a single innings.
5. Balls: Total number of balls faced throughout the career.
6. Hundreds: Most coveted of all number of times the batsman scored 100 or more runs in a single innings.
7. Fifties: The number of times the batsman scored 50 to 99 runs in a single innings.
Batting Average: Total number of runs/number of times out.
Batting averages are of two decimal places. Donald Bradman of Australia has highest batting average of 99.40. If a batsman has scored runs but not been dismissed, his batting average is technically infinite, but is usually expressed simply as “no batting average”.
Of late, batsmanâ€™s batting average out side of home country is also considered to assess the prowess of batting ability outside of their home soil. Mostly the batsmen are assessed as under.
Under 10: Mostly bowlers/tailenders have this average.
10 to 20: Bowlers/tailenders average.
20 to 30: Reasonably good with bat as well as with ball.
30 to 40: Batsman alone, an average batsman.
40 to 50: A very good batsman.
Above 50: An exceptionally good batsman.
Of late, strike rate i.e. number of runs scored by batsman of every 100 balls he faces. Ability to score at a rapid pace is determined by this.
Strike Rate: Runs/Balls multiplied by 100.
Test batting strike rates over a career are mostly between 30 and 60.
Batting strike rates in one-day internationals are significantly higher than in Test matches, because of the emphasis on scoring runs quickly, within the allotted number of overs.
Bowling Cricket Statistics
The statistics accumulated for a bowler are:
Overs: The number of overs bowled.
Maidens: Total number of overs in which no run was scored.
Runs: The number of runs conceded.
Wickets: The number of wickets taken.
Best Bowling in an Innings: The best bowling figures achieved in a single innings.
Five-Wicket haul in an Innings: The number of times the bowler took five or more wickets in a single innings.
Ten Wickets in a Match: The number of times the bowler took ten or more wickets in a match.
There are also three calculated statistics.
Run conceded by a bowler/wickets Bowling averages are usually expressed to two decimal places.
Test bowling averages over a career are mostly between 20 and 50. Averages are roughly considered as follows:
Under 20: An exceptionally good bowler.
20 to 25: A very good bowler.
25 to 30: A good bowler.
30 to 35: A reasonable bowler, possibly selected more for batting ability.
35 to 40: Part-time bowler, in the team for batting abilities.
Above 40: Occasional bowler, primarily a batsman
Bowling averages in one-day internationals follow roughly the same distribution. Although batsmen score faster, they tend to get out faster too, as the following two statistics show.
Economy Rate: Runs/Balls multiplied by 6.
Economy Rates are usually expressed to two decimal places.
Test bowling economy rates over a career are mostly between 2.0 and 3.5 runs per over.
Bowling economy rates in one-day internationals are significantly higher than in Test matches, because of the emphasis on scoring runs quickly, within the allotted number of overs.
Strike Rate of a bowler
Balls divided by Wickets.
Strike Rates are usually expressed to two decimal places.
Test bowling strike rates over a career are mostly between one wicket every 60 to 100 balls. The long tail of players with higher strike rates are mostly batsmen who bowl occasionally.
Bowling strike rates in one-day internationals tend to be lower than in Test matches, because the batsmen are not as protective of their wickets, since they are trying to score runs faster.
Fielding Cricket Statistics
The statistics accumulated for a fielder, including a wicket-keeper are:
Catches: The number of catches taken to dismiss batsman.
Stumpings: The number of successful stumpings achieved as a wicket-keeper.
Fielders responsible for run outs have historically not been recorded, although there is a trend now to indicate the fielder who threw the ball to the wicket and/or the fielder who gathered the ball at the wicket and hit the stumps with it in the scorecard, in parentheses after the “run out” notation. This is not recorded as part of a fielders statistics though.
Other Cricket Statistics
Partnership between two batsmen, including opening batsman before anyone of them depart. The number of runs scored by the side during a partnership – the runs scored by both batsmen plus any extras scored in that time – is recorded as a statistic.
Partnerships are named as follows:
First wicket partnership: Opening partnership
Second wicket partnership: Partnership after the fall of first wicket.
Third wicket partnership: Partnership established after the fall of two wickets.
It goes on like this before the entire team loses wickets.
Batting Shot Placement (Wagon Wheel)
Latest introduction influenced mostly by television. It shows the entire ground with wickets and the areas in which the batsman scored, like in the square, â€˜Vâ€™ and straight.
Manhattan bar graph of Runs Per Over
Of late a bar graph showing the number of runs scored in each over of an innings. Wickets are also generally shown, plotted as obvious dots on top of the bar in the over in which they occur. This gives an indication of the consistency of scoring throughout the innings, showing any periods of good scoring or particularly slow scoring, and how they relate to the falls of wicket. Used mostly in one-day matches.
Worm Run Rate Per Over
It is a line graph showing the run rate plotted against the number of overs bowled in an innings. Fall of wickets are also generally shown. Mostly used in one-day cricket and T20s.
Cumulative Runs Per Over
It is a line graph showing the cumulative run total for a side plotted against the number of overs bowled in an innings. Wickets are also generally shown. Integral part of one-day matches and T20s.
Some interesting Records
Some of the records of cricket teams are as under
Test MatchesÂ Cricket Statistics
Highest innings total. 952/6 declared, Sri Lanka (v India), Colombo, 1997.
Highest match total. 1121/19, England (v West Indies), Kingston, 1929/30.
Highest innings. 380, Matthew Hayden, Australia (v Zimbabwe), Perth, 2003/04.
Most career aggregate runs. 11174, Allan Border, Australia, 1978/79-1993/94.
Best career batting average. 99.94, Donald Bradman, Australia, 1928/29-1948.
Most career centuries. 34, Sunil Gavaskar, India, 1970/71-1986/87.
Best bowling in an innings. 10-53, Jim Laker, England (v Australia), Manchester, 1956.
Best bowling in a match. 19-90, Jim Laker, England (v Australia), Manchester, 1956.
Most career aggregate wickets. 519, Courtney Walsh, West Indies, 1984/85-2000/01.
Best career bowling average. 10.75, George Lohmann, England, 1886-1896.
Most career 5-wickets-in-an-innings: 39, Muttiah Muralitharan, Sri Lanka, 1992/93-.
Most career 10-wickets-in-a-match: 12, Muttiah Muralitharan, Sri Lanka, 1992/93-.
Highest 1st wicket partnership. 413, Pankaj Roy and Vinoo Mankad, India (v New Zealand), Chennai, 1955/56.
Highest 2nd wicket partnership. 576, Roshan Mahanama and Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lanka (v India), Colombo, 1997.
Highest 3rd wicket partnership. 467, Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe, New Zealand (v Sri Lanka), Wellington, 1990/91.
Highest 4th wicket partnership. 411, Michael Cowdrey and Peter May, England (v West Indies), Birmingham, 1957.
Highest 5th wicket partnership. 405, Donald Bradman and Sid Barnes, Australia (v England), Sydney, 1946/47.
Highest 6th wicket partnership. 346, Jack Fingleton and Donald Bradman, Australia (v England), Melbourne, 1936/37.
Highest 7th wicket partnership. 347, Clairmonte Depeiaza and Denis Atkinson, West Indies (v Australia), Bridgetown, 1954/55.
Highest 8th wicket partnership. 313, Saqlain Mushtaq and Wasim Akram, Pakistan (v Zimbabwe), Sheikhupura, 1996/97.
Highest 9th wicket partnership. 195, Pat Symcox and Mark Boucher, South Africa (v Pakistan), Johannesburg, 1997/98.
Highest 10th wicket partnership. 151, Brian Hastings and Richard Collinge, New Zealand (v Pakistan), Auckland, 1972/73.
Most wicket-keeping dismissals. 395 (366 catches, 29 stumpings), Ian Healy, Australia, 1988/89-1999/00.
Most catches by non-wicket-keeper. 181, Mark Waugh, Australia, 1990/91-2002/03.
One-Day InternationalsÂ Cricket Statistics
Highest innings total. 398/5, Sri Lanka (v Kenya), Kandy, 1995/96.
Batting RecordsÂ Cricket Statistics
Highest innings. 194, Saeed Anwar, Pakistan (v India), Chennai, 1996/97.
Most career aggregate runs. 12878, Sachin Tendulkar, India, 1989/90-.
Best career batting average. 54.80, Michael Bevan, Australia, 1993/94-.
Best career batting strike rate. 104.96, Andre Adams, New Zealand, 2000/01-.
Most career centuries. 36, Sachin Tendulkar, India, 1989/90-.
Bowling RecordsÂ Cricket Statistics
Best bowling in an innings. 8-19, Chaminda Vaas, Sri Lanka (v Zimbabwe), Colombo, 2001/02.
Most career aggregate wickets. 502, Wasim Akram, Pakistan, 1984/85-2002/03.
Best career bowling average. 18.84, Joel Garner, West Indies, 1976/77-1986/87.
Best career economy rate. 3.09, Joel Garner, West Indies, 1976/77-1986/87.
Highest 1st wicket partnership. 258, Sourav Ganguly and Sachin Tendulkar, India (v Kenya), Paarl, 2001/02.
Highest 2nd wicket partnership. 331, Rahul Dravid and Sachin Tendulkar, India (v New Zealand), Hyderabad, 1999/00.
Highest 3rd wicket partnership. 275*, Mohammad Azharuddin and Ajay Jadeja, India (v Zimbabwe), Cuttack, 1997/98.
Highest 4th wicket partnership. 232, Darryl Cullinan and Jonty Rhodes, South Africa (v Pakistan), Nairobi, 1996/97.
Highest 5th wicket partnership. 223, Ajay Jadeja and Mohammad Azharuddin, India (v Sri Lanka), Colombo, 1997.
Highest 6th wicket partnership. 161, Maurice Odumbe and Alpesh Vadher, Kenya (v Sri Lanka), Southampton, 1999.
Highest 7th wicket partnership. 130, Heath Streak and Andy Flower, Zimbabwe (v England), Harare, 2001/02.
Highest 8th wicket partnership. 126*, Kapil Dev and Syed Kirmani, India (v Zimbabwe), Tunbridge Wells, 1983.
Highest 9th wicket partnership. 106*, Viv Richards and Michael Holding, West Indies (v England), Manchester, 1984.
Highest 10th wicket partnership. 72, Waqar Younis and Abdul Razzaq, Pakistan (v South Africa), Durban, 1997/98.
Fielding RecordsÂ Cricket Statistics
Most wicket-keeping dismissals. 299 (261 catches, 38 stumpings), Adam Gilchrist, Australia, 1996/97-.
Most catches by non-wicket-keeper. 156, Mohammad Azharuddin, India, 1984/85-1999/00.
There are many other records of somewhat lesser interest, including “negative” records such as lowest innings totals. In addition, all of these sort of records are also noted for specific match circumstances, such as:
Matches played at a specific ground. (e.g. The highest 4th innings total at the Sydney Cricket Ground.)
Matches played in a specific country. (e.g. The highest 2nd wicket partnership in England.)
Records for a specific side playing against a specific opponent. (e.g. The highest innings total for New Zealand against India.)
Matches played between specific sides. (e.g. The highest 5th wicket partnership in a match between South Africa and West Indies.)
Records for a specific side playing in a specific country. (e.g. The lowest innings total for Sri Lanka playing in Sri Lanka.)
Records for a specific side against all opponents. (e.g. The highest first innings lead by Zimbabwe against any opponent.)
Individual records at a specific ground. (e.g. A player’s highest score at Sabina Park, Kingston.)
Individual records in a specific country. (e.g. A player’s best bowling figures in Pakistan.)
Individual records against a specific opponent. (e.g. A player’s number of catches taken against Bangladesh.)
Individual records in a series. (e.g. A player’s aggregate number of runs in a Test series.)
Individual records in a calendar year. (e.g. A player’s aggregate number of wickets in a year.).
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